What are the Different Types of Home Windows and Their Benefits?

Want to improve the way your home looks and feels? The type of windows you choose can set the tone for your home’s overall aesthetic and enhance your living space’s comfort. Whether you prefer the vintage “crank” functionality of casement windows or the natural light that wider bay windows provide, the way your windows are made matters.

It’s important to acknowledge your family’s needs when selecting your home’s windows. Should your windows open inward for more rain protection or outward for increased ventilation? How much natural light do you need? Will your new windows be in an area that would benefit from a large outside view?

The experts at Glass Doctor® want to help you make a well-informed decision. Below are some types of residential windows to consider.

Types of Residential Windows

Here are some window suggestions to get you started in picking the perfect look and feel for your home.

Single-Hung Windows

Single-hung windows are known for their affordability instead of their versatility. These window types have a lower sash that opens and closes while the upper sash stays stationary. A window sash is the portion of the window that contains framework and glass.

Owners of single-hung windows often enjoy the ease and security of only having to close and lock one sash instead of two.

Because only one sash opens, these window types are known to insulate well. They can be used in bedrooms that require less ventilation for a simplistic, clean look.

a white singe hung window on the side of a white house

Single-hung windows open only the bottom window sash.

Double-Hung Windows        

Double-hung windows have two sashes that can be opened. Homeowners can strategically place these to maximize airflow in a home.

While one sash opens at the top of the window to release hot air, another opens at the bottom to let in cool air. Both sashes have the ability to open and close independently of each other so controlling the temperature in your home is as simple as shutting one, both, or none.

Double-hung windows can create symmetry and add character to a room.

an open white double hung window

Double-hung windows can open both the top and bottom window sashes.

Casement Windows

Casement windows are sometimes known as crank windows. To open them, you “crank” a handle. A side hinge allows the window to open outward.

These are usually used to encourage ventilation in areas of your home that may get stuffy (such as the bathroom or kitchen) but can also be used in more communal spaces such as the living room. And since they don’t have to slide on a track, casement windows are also acknowledged as some of the most insulated types on the market, making them an ideal energy-efficient option.

a brown casement opened outward towards a grassy backyard

Casement windows open outward using a crank.

Awning Windows

Awning windows open outward using a top hinge. Like casement windows, they allow for excellent ventilation and insulation.

If you live in an area where rain or snow is prevalent, you can still keep awning windows open without the risk of water damaging your belongings, as the open glass acts as a shield.

In general, they are easier to afford than other window types. They function best in kitchens, bathrooms, and high up on walls, where ventilation may be more important than view.

a close-up of a awning window open outward with a top hinge

Awning windows open outward with a top hinge.

Bay Windows

Bay windows are split into three sections and are a cozy addition to a home. They are designed to enhance your view by providing a larger unobstructed area of glass.

Bay windows protrude beyond the wall so that their “U” shape can be easily seen from the outside. This not only adds to the interior look of your home but also the exterior.

With one stationary picture window in the middle and two side panels, these stylish room enhancements are typically used to complement window seats, nooks, and other intimate spaces. Natural light has three different angles to enter, so bay windows are known for providing sunlight to an otherwise drab space.

a close-up of bay windows in front of a brick house

Bay windows offer an expansive view that lets in natural light.

Sliding Windows

Sliding windows open horizontally, allowing you to open them easily with the push of a hand. They can hold larger glass panels and are perfect for letting in natural light.

If your home has low ceilings, this option gives you the chance to experience a scenic view without worrying about the height of the window.

a black sliding windows that open horizontally

Sliding windows glide along a track to open horizontally.

Shaped Windows

Most shaped windows are not designed to be opened. Instead, they serve a special design purpose. If you have an oddly shaped wall area in your home, a shaped window can help add style and subtract awkwardness.

They can also be used in conjunction with other window types to create an uncommon but fashionable appearance.

a horizontal shaped window installed into a white wall and a plant and table in front of it

Shaped windows can serve as an additional window or a standalone for oddly shaped spaces.

Picture Windows

You can typically find picture windows within a bay window design. The difference is that bay windows extend past the outside wall while standalone picture windows do not.

Picture windows don’t open, but they do provide a wider view than a lot of the other types. They allow you to view the world as, well, a picture.

a large window that does not open above a kitchen sink

Picture windows remain closed and provide an attractive outside view.

Transom Windows

Transom windows are located above either an existing door or window. Before air conditioning was invented, these windows functioned as a form of ventilation.

However, most present-day transom windows do not open. These days, their high placement serves as an extra source of natural light. They are also the design choice for many vintage homes.

a white floral designed window above a door

Transom windows are typically fitted over doors or windows.

FAQs about Residential Windows 

Are there more types of residential windows than the ones listed on this page?

Yes. Your choice in replacement residential windows doesn’t have to be typical or based on a single design. The possible combinations and configurations for these window types are endless. To figure out the best glass and window types for your home, call our expert glass service professionals at (833) 974-0209 or schedule an appointment online.

How do I choose the right residential replacement window?

Choosing the right window for you comes down to thinking about where you live, where the window would go, and what your goals are. Here are some questions to consider when selecting a window type:

  • What kind of look do I want my home to have?
  • Where in my home will I put the new window?
  • What purpose do I want the new window to serve?

Our Residential Replacement Window Services

Your home is your sanctuary — you should feel at ease and relaxed whenever you’re there. The right windows can not only help with your comfort but also add flare to an otherwise plain space.

Glass Doctor offers 24/7 emergency service for residential window repair and replacement. Whether you’re looking to upgrade your window after a broken glass incident, or you simply need your window unit replaced, Glass Doctor is available. Contact your local Glass Doctor or call (833) 974-0209 to secure an appointment.